Male Factor Infertility Diagnosis and Treatment
Coping with infertility can be a difficult, isolating experience. But it is important to remember you’re not alone. Approximately 1 in 6 couples in the United States struggle with some type of infertility. And, while it may be surprising to learn, nearly 30 percent of infertility cases are related to male factor issues. But the good news is there are plenty of options available to help you achieve the family of your dreams.
Diagnosing male factor infertility
Diagnosing male infertility typically includes:
- General physical exam and medical history
- Semen analysis
Common causes of male factor infertility
Here are the most common factors that can contribute to male infertility:
- Structural abnormalities
This may include abnormalities or blockages along the reproductive tract due to a birth defect, injury or illness.
- Sperm production disorders
Defects in sperm quality (morphology) or quantity.
- Sperm motility issues
Poor sperm motility means the sperm can’t swim properly, which decreases their chances of fertilizing the egg.
- Ejaculatory disorders
A condition in which it takes an extended period of sexual ejaculation for men to reach sexual climax and release semen.
- Immunologic disorders
This disorder causes the immune system to attack sperm.
What are the treatment options for male factor infertility?
In some cases, your doctor may recommend assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or the use of donor sperm. For couples where both male and female factor infertility are an issue, your doctor may recommend donor embryos.
If you and your partner have been trying to conceive for at least 12 consecutive months (6 months for women aged over 35), it’s time to see a specialized reproductive endocrinologist. The caring doctors at Reproductive Gynecology & Infertility can diagnose and treat male factor infertility in Columbus, Akron, Canton and Youngstown. Call 866-537-2461 to get the answers you need.