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Infertility Resources & Support

Preconception Health

What Are the Most Common Causes of Infertility?

Just how common is infertility? About 10 percent of American women (6.1 million) between the ages of 15 and 44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Just how common is infertility? About 10 percent of American women (6.1 million) between the ages of 15 and 44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Consider the delicate processes that must go right for pregnancy to occur:

  • The woman’s body must release an egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation).
  • The egg must travel through a fallopian tube toward the uterus (womb).
  • Male sperm must join with (fertilize) the egg along the way.
  • The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of the uterus (implantation).

A problem during any of these steps can result in infertility.

The most common causes of infertility in women

For women, infertility is largely rooted in ovulation problems. Without normal ovulation (due to irregular or absent menstrual periods), there are no eggs to be fertilized.

Ovulation problems are often caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). This hormone imbalance, which can interfere with normal ovulation, is the most common cause of female infertility. Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is another disruptor of regular ovulation. POI occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop working normally before she is 40, but POI is not the same as early menopause.

Other, less common causes of female fertility problems include:

  • Fallopian tube blockages from pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Physical problems with the uterus.
  • Uterine fibroids, which are non-cancerous clumps of tissue and muscle on the walls of the uterus.

Common causes of infertility in men                                                            

Men can be born with problems that affect sperm. In other cases, problems begin later in life due to illness or injury. For example, cystic fibrosis can trigger infertility in men. However, male infertility is more commonly linked to:

  • A condition called varicocele, in which the veins on the testicle(s) are too large. This raises the temperature in the testicles, which affects the number or shape of the sperm.
  • Producing too few sperm or none at all.

Leading edge, experienced fertility care is close to home                      

For more than 25 years, Reproductive Gynecology & Infertility has been at the forefront of fertility services in Ohio. While we know that millions of couples struggle to start a family, to us, you’re the only parents-to-be in the world. Our fellowship-trained, board-certified physicians tune in to your journey, creating individualized, advanced treatment plans designed to make your dreams of a baby come true. And with locations in Columbus, Akron, Canton and Youngstown, we strive to make your care as accessible as possible.

To schedule an appointment, call us today at 866-537-2461 or use our convenient online form to request an appointment.

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Infertility Resources & Support

Preconception Health

What Are the Ways to Maintain a Man’s Fertility?

Approximately five million people, or 1 in 10 couples, have problems with fertility. Though it is commonly believed that infertility is a woman’s problem, it is actually a commonly shared issue between both men and women

Approximately five million people, or 1 in 10 couples, have problems with fertility. Though it is commonly believed that infertility is a woman’s problem, it is actually a commonly shared issue between both men and women. In fact, about one third of infertility cases treated in the United States are associated with male infertility.

4 effective ways to maintain a man’s fertility

Though many men may not realize it, the food they eat, the beverages they drink, and other lifestyle choices significantly affect the quality of their sperm. Here are easy, effective ways to maintain a man’s fertility:

  • Eat a healthy diet
    Men who eat a regular diet of whole grains, fruits and green leafy vegetables tend to have more numerous and more motile sperm. Antioxidants can help protect sperm DNA from damage and boost a man’s fertility.
  • Get in shape
    Being overweight reduces sperm quality. Obesity may be equally to blame in reducing a man’s fertility and the overall health of the embryo, which may affect the success of assisted reproductive technology like in vitro fertilization.
  • Get enough rest
    Sleep affects a man’s fertility by impacting his testosterone levels. Optimal sleep for fertility is between 7 and 8 hours a night.
  • Quit smoking
    Men who smoke may have less sperm motility than non-smokers.

If you have made these important lifestyle changes and are still unable to conceive, you may want to talk to your doctor about the fertility treatments available to you and your partner.

Artificial reproductive therapy can help you conceive

For cases of male infertility, Reproductive Gynecology & Fertility offers intrauterine or “artificial” insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Once the eggs are retrieved from the female as part of the IVF treatment, one of our highly skilled embryologists will select a single healthy sperm and inject it directly into the egg. This process, known as ICSI, effectively fertilizes the egg. After a brief incubation period, the embryo is then transferred to the woman’s uterus. The female’s hormone levels and embryo are then monitored very closely through the first trimester to ensure success.

If you and your partner are struggling with infertility, the reproductive specialists at Reproductive Gynecology & Infertility offer complete fertility services in Columbus, Canton, Youngstown and Akron. If you’d like to know if IVF with ICSI is right for you, call 866-537-2461.

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Preconception Health

Infertility Resources & Support

Cancer and Fertility: What Options Do You Have?

To some people, conceiving, carrying and giving birth to a healthy child may seem routine. But for women who are facing cancer, having a baby is much more complicated. Cancer treatments can disrupt the process of conception and affect a woman’s ability to have children.

To some people, conceiving, carrying and giving birth to a healthy child may seem routine. But for women who are facing cancer, having a baby is much more complicated. Cancer treatments can disrupt the process of conception and affect a woman’s ability to have children.

If you’ve yet to begin cancer treatment, talk with your doctor about fertility. Different treatments can have different effects, but there may be ways to save or protect your fertility before, and possibly even during treatment.

Cancer and fertility: Things to consider

Before moving forward with fertility-saving treatment, your physician must try to answer the following questions:

  • Has the cancer spread?
  • Is there a high risk of the cancer returning to the same areas or organs?
  • Is pursuing a time-consuming method to preserve fertility going to delay treatment of a fast-growing cancer?
  • What are the chances of success? (Most fertility procedures are less successful for women over age 40.)

Cancer and fertility: Options you may have

When it comes to starting or continuing to build your family, you do have choices. In fact, you and your doctor may attempt to preserve your fertility by using more than one option. These may include:

  • Freezing sperm for men
  • IVF to freeze embryos
  • Egg freezing (stimulating the ovaries to retrieve mature eggs)
  • Surrogacy
  • Surgery

Helping you overcome every obstacle to fertility

At Reproductive Gynecology & Infertility, we’ve been helping couples bring children into their lives for more than 25 years. If cancer has interrupted your plans to have a baby, our experienced physicians will explore every option with you, including fertility preservation in Canton, Akron, Columbus, and Youngstown, Ohio.

Surgery is one of the most successful methods for correcting infertility due to cancer treatments or other challenges. Our surgeons expertly and gently perform a range of procedures, including minimally invasive laparoscopic and microscopic surgical techniques, which can shorten both down time and recovery time. To learn more, reach out today. Our caring, dedicated team of specialists is here to put their whole hearts and minds into making pregnancy and parenthood possible.

To schedule an appointment, call 866-537-2461 or use our convenient online form to request an appointment.

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Infertility Resources & Support

Preconception Health

Male Fertility

Male Factor Infertility Diagnosis and Treatment

Coping with infertility can be a difficult, isolating experience. But it is important to remember you’re not alone. Approximately 1 in 6 couples in the United States struggle with some type of infertility. And, while it may be surprising to learn, nearly 30 percent of infertility cases are related to male factor issues.

Coping with infertility can be a difficult, isolating experience. But it is important to remember you’re not alone. Approximately 1 in 6 couples in the United States struggle with some type of infertility. And, while it may be surprising to learn, nearly 30 percent of infertility cases are related to male factor issues. But the good news is there are plenty of options available to help you achieve the family of your dreams.

Diagnosing male factor infertility

Diagnosing male infertility typically includes:

  • General physical exam and medical history
  • Semen analysis

Common causes of male factor infertility

Here are the most common factors that can contribute to male infertility:

  • Structural abnormalities
    This may include abnormalities or blockages along the reproductive tract due to a birth defect, injury or illness.
  • Sperm production disorders
    Defects in sperm quality (morphology) or quantity.
  • Sperm motility issues
    Poor sperm motility means the sperm can’t swim properly, which decreases their chances of fertilizing the egg.
  • Ejaculatory disorders
    A condition in which it takes an extended period of sexual ejaculation for men to reach sexual climax and release semen.
  • Immunologic disorders
    This disorder causes the immune system to attack sperm.

What are the treatment options for male factor infertility?

In some cases, your doctor may recommend assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or the use of donor sperm. For couples where both male and female factor infertility are an issue, your doctor may recommend donor embryos.

If you and your partner have been trying to conceive for at least 12 consecutive months (6 months for women aged over 35), it’s time to see a specialized reproductive endocrinologist. The caring doctors at Reproductive Gynecology & Infertility can diagnose and treat male factor infertility in Columbus, Akron, Canton and Youngstown. Call 866-537-2461 to get the answers you need.

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What Our Patients Say About Us

RGI made our dreams come true! And Samantha’s gift of hope….there really aren’t words to express how they changed our lives. We won their grant in 2019 and it has continued to bless us several years later. Every time we make a financial decision I think of SGH and how I don’t know if it’d be possible if it wasn’t for them.
RGI and Samantha’s Gift of Hope has forever changed our lives in the best way possible because they have given us the greatest gift we could ever get—our sweet daughter. We have this joy of being parents we had previously only dreamed about, and honestly weren’t sure we would ever have. Now, everyday is filled with baby giggles and snuggles, cheering her on to her next milestone (which is currently crawling), and trying to be the best parents we can be. We will never be able to repay RGI and Samantha’s Gift of Hope, but we will forever be grateful to them and are daily reminded of it.
RGI made it possible for us to experience the joys of becoming parents. There is no greater feeling or love in this world that we’ve experienced than bringing Liam into this world. We truly understand the miracle and blessings babies are. SGOH we will forever feel grateful for. We cannot thank Lisa, Matt and Sam enough for their generosity and helping couples pay towards their IVF journeys. Honestly, SGOH really does provide HOPE. Winning the grant also helped us to feel like this is really happening, it’s meant to be.
Because of Samantha’s Gift of Hope, our dream of having a child came true. We could focus more on each step of the process and keep a positive attitude through it all instead of constantly worrying about what things cost and how we would make it work. Now, our sweet Tenley girl is 1 week old and I continue to be thankful each day for the opportunity Samantha’s Gift of Hope gave us. We are now living out our favorite roles as mom and dad and are filled with so much love for our little girl!
“RGI is amazing, start to finish. They never make you feel anything but comfortable. Thank you all for your compassion and care!”
“Thank you for everything the RGI team has done for our family! Everyone has been amazing, and we are grateful for your skills.”
“A wonderful place! I would highly recommend RGI to anyone who is in the same position as me and my husband.”
“Thank you! Everyone is extremely caring and professional. I wouldn’t go anywhere else!”
“RGI went above and beyond to make my husband and me comfortable and happy with the care they gave us!”
“We had a wonderful experience with the RGI staff during our IVF cycle. All staff were kind, friendly and very informative! We felt comfortable at every visit and each procedure. The staff at RGI are wonderful and made our IVF journey a great experience. We are so thankful!”

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